Ginger supplements are dietary supplements that contain ginger (Zingiber officinale). They are made by drying and powdering the ginger rhizome and then using that powder to create teas, capsules, tablets, or even extracting the beneficial compounds to form liquid tinctures. These popular ginger supplements are popular to treat a variety of symptoms and health conditions.
Some of the top ginger supplement producers are Karuna, Nature’s Way, Pure Encapsulations, Gaia Herbs, and Natural Factors. These supplement producers have all been certified by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and follow GMP, WHO, and other authorized rules for product quality management.
The active constituents in ginger are their phenolic and terpene compounds. Gingerols, shogaols, and paradols, found in ginger, are phenolic compounds that are used as nutraceutical agents in foods and dietary supplements. There has been extensive research on ginger’s potential to treat a range of conditions, including menstrual cramps, nausea and vomiting, colds and flu, motion sickness, and arthritis. Ginger root supplements have become more expensive as the quality of products increases. The majority of ginger supplements are priced above $20 per bottle for a 30 days supply, though the cost will vary by brand and supplier.
Ginger supplements have long been a part of natural medicine, recognized for their powerful medicinal properties. We have compiled a list of some of the best ginger supplements available in the market.
1. Karuna- Ginger-B6 120 Caps (The best for reducing gas and improving digestion)
Consider using Karuna Health’s Ginger-B6 if you’re looking for a supplement to help your gastrointestinal system function properly. The ginger extract in this capsule may help relieve symptoms of indigestion‚ diarrhea‚ and constipation, among other benefits. In addition, it may assist in increasing the secretion of digestive enzymes, which are responsible for breaking down the food you consume.
The Karuna Corporation has 40 years of experience in providing products that exceed conventional standards and utilize research-validated ingredients to ensure freshness, purity, and potency. Karuna’s line of products is devoid of preservatives, excipients, and other additives that may irritate or cause problems for individuals with allergies or sensitivities.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/karuna/ginger-b6-120-caps
Nutritional value: Each capsule provides 250 milligrams of ginger root
Price range: $16.70 – $19.30
Producer: Karuna Corporation
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Ginger Root (250mg), Vitamin b6 (pyridoxine HCI) (25mg), vegetarian capsule, cellulose, magnesium stearate
Dose: For adults: 1-2 capsules twice daily, or as directed by your health care practitioner.
2. Flora- ACV Ginger Lemon 17 Fl Oz
Flora’s ACV Ginger Lemon tonic is uniquely crafted with the cleansing herbs found in its renowned detox formula, FlorEssence. Users of this supplement enjoy the refreshing citrus taste of lemon and the tart tang of apple cider vinegar, with a hint of spice from the ginger. This health elixir is prepared in small amounts from freshly ground organic herbs that are water-extracted overnight. It is then combined with organic apple vinegar and infused with organic ginger to support healthy digestion and the essence of lemon for an undeniably delicious combination. Flora is a high-quality herbal supplement producer and distributor that uses natural, organic, and non-GMO components to guarantee full purity, quality, and potency.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/flora/acv-ginger-lemon-17-fl-oz/
Nutritional value: Each serving contains 120 ml of a proprietary blend of apple cider vinegar, ginger, and lemon.
Price range: $14.49 – $16.99
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Herbal decoction: Water, organic ginger root, organic burdock root, organic sheep sorrel herb, organic slippery elm bark, organic blessed thistle herb, organic red clover blossom, organic rhubarb root, organic kelp, organic apple cider vinegar
Dose: Shake bottle well. Drink 1/2 cup (120ml) before or with meals.
3. Nature’s Way- Ginger Root 100 Caps
Nature’s Way Ginger Root is sourced from cultivators in India and West Africa. This ginger root capsule provides traditional digestive support mainly due to the presence of gingerols and shogaols in ginger.
Nature’s Way was the first company to achieve Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) certification from the National Sanitation Foundation and still leads the market today. It takes pride in its rigorous processes that ensure the quality of its products. According to Nature’s Way, its ingredients are sourced from trusted suppliers all over the world, many of whom have had decades of experience in farming. These ingredients were harvested following sustainable practices, the manufacturer says. According to Nature’s Way, once the ingredients are harvested, they undergo rigorous testing in the company’s state-of-the-art lab. Many of its products, it adds, are TRU-ID-certified, which means what consumers find in the product label is exactly what’s inside the bottle.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/natures-way/ginger-root-100-caps
Nutritional value: Each two capsules contains 1.1 grams of ginger root extract
Price range: $9.99 – $10.67
Producer: Nature’s Way
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Ginger root, plant-derived capsule (hypromellose), cellulose, silica
Dose: Take two capsules daily with at least 8 ounces (a full glass) of water or other fluids to prevent heartburn or burning sensation in the throat.
4. Pure Encapsulations Ginger Extract 120 Caps (The best for digestive health)
Standardized ginger extract from Pure Encapsulations is a dietary ingredient that supports the digestive and circulatory systems. The active component in ginger called gingerols stimulates the release of digestive enzymes, which quickens food digestion by helping move it throughout the digestive tract. These elements also help boost bile production in the gallbladder and liver. Bile is a fluid that assists in the digestion of lipids (dietary fats) by your small intestines.
Pure Encapsulations products are researched, developed, and manufactured in their own state-of-the-art FDA-inspected plant in Sudbury, Massachusetts. The company adheres to rigorous cGMP manufacturing standards and invites clients to tour the facility without prior notification. According to Pure Encapsulations, its products are made from high-quality ingredients sourced from trustworthy suppliers based in Japan, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, France, and the US. It says its raw materials undergo rigorous testing to determine, among other things, if they have been identified correctly or contain contaminants and pesticides. For the testing, Pure Encapsulations relies on third-party laboratories. Pure Encapsulations says its products don’t contain additives or allergens that are unnecessary.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/pure-encapsulations/ginger-extract-zingiber-120-vegcaps
Nutritional value: Each capsule contains 500mg of ginger (Zingiber officinale) extract (standardized to contain 5% gingerols)
Price range: $53.70
Producer: Pure Encapsulations
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Ginger root extract
Dose: Take 1-4 vegetarian capsules per day, in divided doses, between meals.
5. Integrative Therapeutics Motility Activator 60 Caps
Integrative Therapeutics Motility Activator is a patented combination of artichoke and ginger extracts that has undergone two human clinical studies. It promotes a clinically-tested, well-tolerated prokinetic agent substance that has been formulated to promote intestinal motility and transport. Integrative Therapeutics invests in research and development to provide high-quality supplements that can address a variety of conditions. This producer’s long history of creating exclusive products made with top ingredients, that are supported by science, encourages clients along their health journey.
Nutritional value: Each capsule contains 20 mg of Ginger root extract and 100 mg of Pycrinil® Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) leaf extract
Price range: $39.00
Producer: Integrative Therapeutics
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Ginger root extract, artichoke leaf extract, dicalcium phosphate, plant-derived capsule (hypromellose), cellulose, sodium croscarmellose, magnesium stearate, silica
Dose: Adults take 1 capsule twice daily, or as recommended by a healthcare professional.
6. Gaia Herbs Ginger Root Organic 1 Oz (The best for immediate digestive and nausea relief)
Gaia Herbs Ginger Root is a certified organic extract made to help relieve occasional nausea and upset stomach and is an excellent aid for those times when you occasionally overindulge. The liquid extract is USDA certified organic to ensure that it is made without synthetic fertilizers, prohibited pesticides or genetically modified organisms. Gaia Herbs farm is nestled in rich alluvial soil and the fantastic biodiversity of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Western North Carolina. They comply with all applicable GMP standards for manufacturing, testing, and finished packaging to keep their products safe for their consumers and the environment.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/gaia-herbs/ginger-root-organic-1-oz
Nutritional value: Each serving contains 0.67 ml (20 drops) of ginger root extract.
Producer: Gaia Herbs
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Organic ginger extract, organic alcohol USP(60-70%) and water.
Dose: Shake well before use. Adults: Take 15-20 drops of extract in a small amount of water 3 times daily between meals.
7. Dr. Mercola Fermented Ginger 60 caps
Dr. Mercola Fermented Ginger Capsules contains Benegut® and fermented ginger for digestive health. Benegut® is a standardized, proprietary extract of the herb Perilla frutescens to support gastrointestinal health. According to a study published in the BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Journal led by Dr. Buchwald-Werner, S. et al. Perilla counteract the effects of stress and other psychosocial factors via the gut-brain axis by interacting with the neurological system. On the other hand, fermented ginger is more bioavailable and effective in treating digestive issues.
Dr. Mercola sources its ingredients from farmer-partners who harvest these in a sustainable manner. To create its products, Dr. Mercola says it uses advanced technologies such as liposome-based technology and micronization to ensure users maximize each product’s health benefits. Liposome-based technology is a delivery method that revolves around the use of small vesicles to ensure nutrients reach the specific organ it was intended to reach in the first place. Micronization, for its part, is the process of reducing particle sizes to enhance bioavailability.
According to Dr. Mercola, all its products undergo a stringent assessment to ensure their safety and their adherence to the highest quality standards. Each product is checked for possible contamination and is given a performance evaluation prior to its release on the market. Dr. Mercola sees to it that its product ingredients, as much as possible, are organic and soy- and gluten-free. It is also against the use of GMOs as much as possible. It says many of its products are free from these and are labeled as such.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/dr-mercola/fermented-ginger-60-caps
Nutritional value: Each vegetable capsule contains 200mg of Organic fermented ginger root powder and 150mg of Perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaf extract
Price range: $29.97
Producer: Dr. Mercola
Form: Vegetarian Capsules
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Organic fermented ginger root powder, Perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaf extract, capsule (Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose), cassava Maltodextrin
Dose: Adults, as a dietary supplement, take one (1) capsule per serving. This product should be taken twice daily.
8. Designs For Health Ginger-Tussin Syrup 4 Oz (The best for immune support)
Designs For Health Ginger-Tussin Syrup soothes the throat with a pleasant taste and has immunostimulant properties. It contains ginger extract, American herb Osha for immune support, and wild cherry bark to calm the throat and relieve a cough. This USDA Organic Certified syrup comprises USP Kosher vegetable glycerin and certified organic honey.
Designs for Health is a Canada-based wellness firm founded by Mr. Jonathan Lizotte in 1989. He has guided and directed the firm throughout the years to fulfill its mission and vision. Under his management, DFH has grown to become one of the country’s most rapidly expanding and well-known nutritional supplement producers and distributors.
Nutritional value: Each serving contains 360mg of Organic Ginger root, 100mg of Lovage and 67mg of Wild Cherry
Price range: $24.78
Producer: Designs For Health
Form: Liquid (syrup)
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: USP kosher vegetable glycerine‚ organic honey ‚ deionized water.
Dose: Take 2.5 mL (approximately ½ teaspoon) per day or as directed by your healthcare practitioner.
9. Natural Factors Chewable Ginger 90 Tablets
The Chewable Ginger tablets by Natural Factors aids with nausea or vomiting caused by motion sickness, pregnancy, or after surgery, while also assisting in digestive health. The active component in ginger, known as gingerol, is standardized to 5% in Natural Factors Chewable Ginger tablets, which are sweetened with stevia and xylitol. Today, Natural Factors is one of the largest suppliers of nutritional supplements in North America. From seed selection to final product manufacturing, Natural Factors control the quality of their raw materials directly from their organically certified farmland.
Link to Purchase: https://www.premierformulas.com/natural-factors/chewable-ginger-90-tabs
Nutritional value: Each chewable tablet contains 500mg of Organic Ginger Extract (Zingiber officinale) and 1mg of Gingerols
Price range: $16.95
Producer: Natural Factors
Form: Chewable tablet
Is it for the digestive system? Yes
Ingredients: Organic Ginger Extract (Zingiber officinale) (rhizome)(Equivalent to 500 mg Ginger), Gingerols (5%) 1 mg, Stevia Leaf Powder 1 mg, Xylitol, microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, stearic acid, magnesium stearate (vegetable grade)
Dose: Chew 1 tablet 1–3 times per day or as directed by a health professional. For anti-nausea use: take a serving 30 minutes before travel and optionally every 4 hours as necessary.
For post-operative nausea: Take 1 hour prior to surgery, or as directed by a health professional.
Menstrual pain/cramping (adults): Chew 3 tablets daily or as directed by a health professional. Take 2 days before menses and during day 1 to 3 of menses.
How To Use A Ginger Supplement?
When using ginger supplements, consider the following:
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions or as directed by your physician, pharmacist, or healthcare practitioner.
- Ginger supplement taken by mouth are best consumed with a glass of water.
- You may also use ginger powder in various foods and beverages, including salad dressings, baked goods, soups, curries, meats, and desserts. It enables you to reap the advantages of ginger while still obtaining a lot of flavors.
- Enteric-coated pills should be swallowed whole, not crushed, chewed, or broken. The enteric coating is meant to protect the stomach. Breaking the pill can damage its coating.
- Eating raw ginger is safe, and it ensures fresh breath and a better aftertaste.
How Do You Determine The Correct Ginger Supplement Dosage?
As many methods and supplements vary, varying doses of ginger have been used in clinical research. Ginger is regarded by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) and may be taken up to 4 grams per day. Based on the Internet Drug Index, nausea related to morning sickness during pregnancy, motion sickness, and, in some cases, chemotherapy or surgery-induced nausea, 1-3 grams are utilized as a preventative treatment. For other applications of ginger, 1 gram is generally used and appears to be very effective at improving intestinal motility. In a study published in the National Center of Biotechnology Information led by Dr. Khandouzi, ginger supplements containing 2 grams may be beneficial to diminish the risk of secondary chronic complications for diabetic patients.
How Much Ginger Supplement Is Too Much Per Day?
The best way to take ginger is determined by how you plan on ingesting it. Measure your ginger doses according to directions printed by the manufacturer on bottles of pills, capsules, teas, syrups, and liquid. In most clinical research, between 250 mg and 1 g of powdered root is typically given to subjects in capsular form, one to four times daily. If you’re using ginger oils or gels, the amount you take will differ So, it is important to check with a doctor concerning your specific circumstances for further guidance.
What Are The Possible Side-Effects Of Ginger Supplements?
According to Dr. Ann Ming Yeh of the Department of Pediatrics at Stanford University, the possible side effects of ginger supplements happen when a person consumes more than 5 grams of ginger per day. Ginger is regarded as healthy and safe to consume in spice form or as a tea by both adults and children. Although they seldom occur, the following side effects have been reported.
- upset stomach
- increased chances of bleeding
What Is The Main Benefit And Use Of Ginger Supplements?
Ginger has a variety of health benefits, it is commonly used as a gastrointestinal, anti-inflammatory, or metabolic aid.
- Gastrointestinal: Ginger has been shown to soothe stomach pain in several studies. In addition to alleviating post-surgical nausea and vomiting, ginger appears to reduce motion sickness and morning sickness symptoms. Perhaps the best proof of this anti-nausea effect is in people undergoing cancer treatment based on a study led by Dr. Pillai and published by Pediatric Blood Center in 2010. In this study, people who took the ginger root supplement experienced reduced nausea.
- Anti-inflammatory: Ginger contains a pain-relieving chemical known as gingerol, which may have helped with chronic or acute pain. Phytochemical compounds in ginger may reduce inflammation, according to a 2017 meta-analysis by Dr. Inserra and Dr. Brooks. The authors published their studies in a book titled Nutritional Modulators of Pain in the Aging Population. Due to its high concentration of phytochemicals, ginger is often extracted and taken as oil when used to fight inflammation.
- Metabolic: There is some compelling evidence that ginger can aid in the treatment of high cholesterol and blood sugar. Taking ginger pills daily helps improve a number of essential diagnostic indicators for type 2 diabetes, according to a 2015 study in Iran led by Dr. Khandouzi et al. People who took a daily 2-gram tablet for 12 weeks had a 12% reduction in fasting glucose and a 10% reduction in HbA1c.
What Are The Forms Of Ginger Supplements?
Ginger supplements are available in a variety of forms to meet the demands of every consumer. Among the supplement forms, ginger pills are the most commonly used, this includes forms like tablets and capsules. Additional forms include liquid, powder, teas, and syrups.
1. Ginger pills: These supplements are typically made from dehydrated ginger powder that has been compressed into tablets. The most significant advantage of using ginger pills as supplements is that they let you control the dosage more easily as compared to other forms. Some ginger pills or capsules are enteric-coated; this ensures they dissolve in the small intestine and not the stomach.
Ginger pills come in two forms: tablets and capsules.
- Tablets: Tablets come in a wide range of shapes, sizes, and dosages. Tablets have a longer shelf life than capsules. They may also include more additives than capsules and are absorbed at a much slower rate.
- Capsules: Ginger root capsules are forms in which a fine powder of dried ginger can be enclosed to reach a defined dose in a soluble container. Gelatin or vegetable cellulose is used to create the “shell” of a capsule, suitable for meat-eating and vegetarian/vegan consumers alike. Warm or cold fluids can be used with vegetarian capsules (made from methylcellulose), but gelatin capsules should be taken with warm to help dissolve the casing. This form of supplement has a shorter expiration date than tablets. That said, capsules have a faster onset of action.
2. Liquid: Simple, easy-to-use ginger extracts are readily dispensed as liquid solutions which can be added to water or other liquids. Ethanol is used as a suitable extraction agent for liquid ginger extract. Liquid ginger extracts are regularly used to create other ginger-infused products such as tonics, syrups, tinctures, and oils.
3. Powder: The ginger powder may be easily combined with water, tea, or any favorite beverage to make a ginger drink. Because a powder format is easy to measure out, one can create customized doses fit for the individual, and even vary them from dose to dose or day-to-day. Ginger powder is also a popular ingredient for curry, gravy, and marinades due to its flavor. It is also the key ingredient used to create the flavor of gingerbread. Based on the Internet Drug Index, you may take 1-3 grams of ginger supplements for nausea-related problems.
4. Tea: To make ginger tea, fresh ginger is added to hot water and fresh honey, which you may also consume later, once cooled. You can also find pre-made tea bags that include ginger, open a pure ginger capsule and pour into your hot water or use fresh ginger powder. Aside from teas, several ginger drinks and beverages are actively sold on the market.
5. Lozenges: These are solid dosage forms that dissolve in the mouth over time. Using active ginger components, they usually have added flavors or sweetening to improve the taste. To increase the lozenge’s strength and cohesion, xanthan gum (a common ingredient in cooking) is added for faster drug release.
What Is The Difference Between Liquid And Pill Ginger Supplements?
Liquid ginger supplements are better absorbed by the body. They do not require digestion, which can slow down their uptake in the cells. Liquids can provide almost immediate relief from nausea and menstrual cramps. In contrast, pills are easy to swallow and incorporate a regular dosage into your daily routine.
Is Liquid Ginger Supplement Better Than Ginger Pills?
Yes, because liquid extracts have a greater absorption rate, are easier to digest, and have a higher extraction efficiency. Liquids can also be easier to take than pills, especially when mixed with another beverage. The most significant advantage of drinking liquid ginger supplements rather than tablets is that they are readily absorbed in the body. Vegans using pill forms, however, often choose compressed powder tablets or capsules since softgels containing liquid ginger may also include animal gelatins, though there are vegan versions of those now too.
Does A Ginger Powder Supplement Have Less Nutritional Value Than Fresh Ginger?
The answer is no. Ground ginger has distinct medical advantages over raw ginger root. While the amount of gingerol in ground ginger is reduced due to the manufacturing process, the dehydration process, in particular, enhances the shogaol levels. Many health benefits and properties associated with root ginger are believed to be present in shogaols, as mentioned previously and discussed in depth in this ginger article.
Are Gluten-Free Ginger Supplements Better Than Non-Gluten Free Ginger Supplements?
Gluten-free ginger supplements are better than non-gluten-free ginger supplements since they do not contain gluten or ingredients that come from wheat, rye, or barley. The starches found in non-gluten-free ginger supplements can be used in tablets and capsules as excipients, diluents, disintegrants, or binding agents in low-quality supplement manufacturers. Due to the assurance that there are no hidden gluten compounds in gluten-free ginger supplements, people with certain health conditions, such as Celiac disease, prefer them.
Who Are The Best Producers Of Ginger Supplements?
Ginger supplements are produced by several different companies that have their own take on the traditional way of supplementing with ginger. Here is a list of some well-known producers of ginger supplements.
- Pure Encapsulations
- Vital Nutrients
- Douglas Labs
- Herb Pharm
- Dr. Mercola
- Natural Factors
How Does Premier Formulas Choose The Best Ginger Supplements?
At Premier Formulas we only select ginger supplements that have undergone an extensive assessment of documented proof that the manufacturing company follows federal cGMP regulations and guidelines. Samples of their products from our own inventory must also pass initial and quarterly randomized testing from independent laboratories. Our key mission is to provide high-quality supplements and the information for our patrons to use them in an educated, effective and safe manner. We want you to know that we care about your health when choosing your ginger supplements. After all, we give the same products to our family as we provide to you and your family.
What Are The Precautions When Using Ginger Supplements?
When considering ginger supplements please consult a medical practitioner before using any ginger product. If you have a medical condition (gallstones, bile duct obstructions, etc.), are taking pharmaceutical drugs, and are pregnant or breastfeeding, this may be even more pressing. Avoid using ginger supplements if you are allergic to other ingredients included in their production. Keep out of reach of children and do not give ginger supplements to children without medical advice.
What Should I Look For In A Ginger Supplement?
Look for a verified non-GMO ginger supplement. This indicates that the ginger used is produced naturally and unadulterated. If your use is for anti-inflammatory purposes, look for ginger pills that contain turmeric or curcumins as an ingredient. Turmeric is an excellent addition to ginger supplements since it has anti-inflammatory effects and potent antioxidants. Ginger supplements containing more than 1,000 milligrams of turmeric are the most efficient for pain-alleviation, according to a meta-analysis led by Dr. Daily, J. et al. and published in the Journal of Medicine Food.
Is It Important For Ginger Supplements To Be Organic?
Yes, ginger supplements should be organically certified. Root vegetables such as gingers are more susceptible to fertilizers due to their thin skin. In general, it is safe to consume when buying conventionally grown produce with robust skin (such as avocados). The skin can shield against pesticide or herbicide contact.
- Mao, Q., Xu, X., Cao, S., Gan, R., Corke, H., Beta, T., & Li, H. (2019). Bioactive Compounds and Bioactivities of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Foods, 8(6), 185. doi: 10.3390/foods8060185
- Organic 101: What the USDA Organic Label Means. (2021). Retrieved 29 December 2021, from https://www.usda.gov/media/blog/2012/03/22/organic-101-what-usda-organic-label-means
- White, B. (2007). Ginger: An Overview. American Family Physician, 75(11), 1689-1691. Retrieved from https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1689.html
- Nafiseh Khandouzi, M. (2015). The Effects of Ginger on Fasting Blood Sugar, Hemoglobin A1c, Apolipoprotein B, Apolipoprotein A-I and Malondialdehyde in Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Iranian Journal Of Pharmaceutical Research : IJPR, 14(1), 131. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4277626/
- Inserra, P., & Brooks, A. (2017). Getting to the Root of Chronic Inflammation: Ginger’s Antiinflammatory Properties. Nutritional Modulators Of Pain In The Aging Population, 67-73. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-12-805186-3.00005-9
- Daily, J., Yang, M., & Park, S. (2016). Efficacy of Turmeric Extracts and Curcumin for Alleviating the Symptoms of Joint Arthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Journal Of Medicinal Food, 19(8), 717-729. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2016.3705
- Buchwald-Werner, S., Fujii, H., Reule, C., & Schoen, C. (2014). Perilla Extract improves gastrointestinal discomfort in a randomized placebo controlled double blind human pilot study. BMC Complementary And Alternative Medicine, 14(1). doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-173
- Yeh, A., & Golianu, B. (2014). Integrative Treatment of Reflux and Functional Dyspepsia in Children. Children, 1(2), 119-133. doi: 10.3390/children1020119
- Pillai, A., Sharma, K., Gupta, Y., & Bakhshi, S. (2010). Anti-emetic effect of ginger powder versus placebo as an add-on therapy in children and young adults receiving high emetogenic chemotherapy. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 56(2), 234-238. doi: 10.1002/pbc.22778
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- Sci-Hub | Effect of superfine grinding on structural, morphological and antioxidant properties of ginger (Zingiberofficinale) nano crystalline food powder | 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.09.028. (2021). Retrieved 30 December 2021, from https://sci-hubtw.hkvisa.net/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.09.028